Struct faiss::IndexResidualQuantizer

struct IndexResidualQuantizer : public faiss::IndexAdditiveQuantizer

Index based on a residual quantizer. Stored vectors are approximated by residual quantization codes. Can also be used as a codec

Public Types

using Search_type_t = AdditiveQuantizer::Search_type_t
using idx_t = int64_t

all indices are this type

using component_t = float
using distance_t = float

Public Functions

IndexResidualQuantizer(int d, size_t M, size_t nbits, MetricType metric = METRIC_L2, Search_type_t search_type = AdditiveQuantizer::ST_decompress)

Constructor.

Parameters:
  • d – dimensionality of the input vectors

  • M – number of subquantizers

  • nbits – number of bit per subvector index

  • d – dimensionality of the input vectors

  • M – number of subquantizers

  • nbits – number of bit per subvector index

IndexResidualQuantizer(int d, const std::vector<size_t> &nbits, MetricType metric = METRIC_L2, Search_type_t search_type = AdditiveQuantizer::ST_decompress)
IndexResidualQuantizer()
virtual void train(idx_t n, const float *x) override

Perform training on a representative set of vectors

Parameters:
  • n – nb of training vectors

  • x – training vecors, size n * d

virtual void search(idx_t n, const float *x, idx_t k, float *distances, idx_t *labels, const SearchParameters *params = nullptr) const override

query n vectors of dimension d to the index.

return at most k vectors. If there are not enough results for a query, the result array is padded with -1s.

Parameters:
  • x – input vectors to search, size n * d

  • labels – output labels of the NNs, size n*k

  • distances – output pairwise distances, size n*k

virtual void sa_encode(idx_t n, const float *x, uint8_t *bytes) const override

encode a set of vectors

Parameters:
  • n – number of vectors

  • x – input vectors, size n * d

  • bytes – output encoded vectors, size n * sa_code_size()

virtual void sa_decode(idx_t n, const uint8_t *bytes, float *x) const override

decode a set of vectors

Parameters:
  • n – number of vectors

  • bytes – input encoded vectors, size n * sa_code_size()

  • x – output vectors, size n * d

virtual FlatCodesDistanceComputer *get_FlatCodesDistanceComputer() const override

a FlatCodesDistanceComputer offers a distance_to_code method

virtual void add(idx_t n, const float *x) override

default add uses sa_encode

virtual void reset() override

removes all elements from the database.

virtual void reconstruct_n(idx_t i0, idx_t ni, float *recons) const override

reconstruction using the codec interface

virtual void reconstruct(idx_t key, float *recons) const override

Reconstruct a stored vector (or an approximation if lossy coding)

this function may not be defined for some indexes

Parameters:
  • key – id of the vector to reconstruct

  • recons – reconstucted vector (size d)

virtual size_t sa_code_size() const override

size of the produced codes in bytes

virtual size_t remove_ids(const IDSelector &sel) override

remove some ids. NB that Because of the structure of the indexing structure, the semantics of this operation are different from the usual ones: the new ids are shifted

inline virtual DistanceComputer *get_distance_computer() const override

Get a DistanceComputer (defined in AuxIndexStructures) object for this kind of index.

DistanceComputer is implemented for indexes that support random access of their vectors.

virtual void check_compatible_for_merge(const Index &otherIndex) const override

check that the two indexes are compatible (ie, they are trained in the same way and have the same parameters). Otherwise throw.

virtual void merge_from(Index &otherIndex, idx_t add_id = 0) override

moves the entries from another dataset to self. On output, other is empty. add_id is added to all moved ids (for sequential ids, this would be this->ntotal)

virtual void add_with_ids(idx_t n, const float *x, const idx_t *xids)

Same as add, but stores xids instead of sequential ids.

The default implementation fails with an assertion, as it is not supported by all indexes.

Parameters:

xids – if non-null, ids to store for the vectors (size n)

virtual void range_search(idx_t n, const float *x, float radius, RangeSearchResult *result, const SearchParameters *params = nullptr) const

query n vectors of dimension d to the index.

return all vectors with distance < radius. Note that many indexes do not implement the range_search (only the k-NN search is mandatory).

Parameters:
  • x – input vectors to search, size n * d

  • radius – search radius

  • result – result table

virtual void assign(idx_t n, const float *x, idx_t *labels, idx_t k = 1) const

return the indexes of the k vectors closest to the query x.

This function is identical as search but only return labels of neighbors.

Parameters:
  • x – input vectors to search, size n * d

  • labels – output labels of the NNs, size n*k

virtual void reconstruct_batch(idx_t n, const idx_t *keys, float *recons) const

Reconstruct several stored vectors (or an approximation if lossy coding)

this function may not be defined for some indexes

Parameters:
  • n – number of vectors to reconstruct

  • keys – ids of the vectors to reconstruct (size n)

  • recons – reconstucted vector (size n * d)

virtual void search_and_reconstruct(idx_t n, const float *x, idx_t k, float *distances, idx_t *labels, float *recons, const SearchParameters *params = nullptr) const

Similar to search, but also reconstructs the stored vectors (or an approximation in the case of lossy coding) for the search results.

If there are not enough results for a query, the resulting arrays is padded with -1s.

Parameters:

recons – reconstructed vectors size (n, k, d)

virtual void compute_residual(const float *x, float *residual, idx_t key) const

Computes a residual vector after indexing encoding.

The residual vector is the difference between a vector and the reconstruction that can be decoded from its representation in the index. The residual can be used for multiple-stage indexing methods, like IndexIVF’s methods.

Parameters:
  • x – input vector, size d

  • residual – output residual vector, size d

  • key – encoded index, as returned by search and assign

virtual void compute_residual_n(idx_t n, const float *xs, float *residuals, const idx_t *keys) const

Computes a residual vector after indexing encoding (batch form). Equivalent to calling compute_residual for each vector.

The residual vector is the difference between a vector and the reconstruction that can be decoded from its representation in the index. The residual can be used for multiple-stage indexing methods, like IndexIVF’s methods.

Parameters:
  • n – number of vectors

  • xs – input vectors, size (n x d)

  • residuals – output residual vectors, size (n x d)

  • keys – encoded index, as returned by search and assign

Public Members

ResidualQuantizer rq

The residual quantizer used to encode the vectors.

AdditiveQuantizer *aq
size_t code_size
std::vector<uint8_t> codes

encoded dataset, size ntotal * code_size

int d

vector dimension

idx_t ntotal

total nb of indexed vectors

bool verbose

verbosity level

bool is_trained

set if the Index does not require training, or if training is done already

MetricType metric_type

type of metric this index uses for search

float metric_arg

argument of the metric type